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SCIENCE MONITOR

VOLUME 51 NO. 192

1989, THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE PUBLISHING SOCIETY. a Reserved

All Rights

i

BOSTON,

MONDAY, J ULY 138, 1959.

** ATLANTIC EDITION

Two SECTIONS

vane FIVE CENTS.

Industry

Pulls For Sales Tax

By Edgar M. Mills New England Political Editor of The Christian Science Monitor

Massachusetts industry opening a big drive for the con- troversial sales tax.

Undeterred by the worsening legislative prdéspects for the Fur- colo-proposed 3 per cent sales tax, as a result of budget- balancing operations in the Mas- sachusetts Senate, Bay State industrialists are stepping up pressures on legislators in hopes of a political upset.

The issue may come to a vote in the House shortly. To date most observers believe it is headed for defeat, despite pro- ponents’ pleas that the major need for a sales tax lies in the prospect of reducing lecal prop- erty taxes through the two- thirds share of sales-tax reve) ue ticketed for cities and towns,

AIM Urges Drive

The Associated Industries of Massachusetts has issued a spe- cial plea to its members, urging them to push for sales-tax adop- tion to encourage business de- velopment and expansion in the state.

Robert A. Chadbourne, execu- tive vice-president of the AIM, asserted:

“We believe that this is the most important single’ step which Massachusetts can take this year or in the forseeable future toward improving the business climate of this state.

“Adoption of the sales tax this year will demonstrate that Massachusetts is seriou$S about preserving and expanding the industrial foundation of its economy.”

The AIM is presenting results of a special study of the Massa- chusetts tax situation as it re- lates to other competitive states.

Adopting the premise that Massachusetts must require business “to pay a share of the cost of government which is roughly equal to what competi- tors pay in other states,” the _ AIM reported that Massachu- setts industry is required to pay a disproportionately higher share of government costs now. It asserted that a sales tax is needed to broadening the tax base and lower property taxes.

The AIM reported that:

1. Massachusetts corporate taxes are more burdensome than those of any other state, Al- though Idaho, Kentucky, and Wisconsin have a higher top- prerret tax on corporations,

O¥ie “of these states is in the first 10 industrial states. No state takes a larger percentage of its state revenue from cor- poration taxes than Massachu- setts 22 per cent compared with a national average of 7 per cent.

2. Massachusetts is the only « State which taxes a corporation even though it fails to show a profit, through a “corporate ex- cess” tax.

Argument Traced

3. Local property taxes are thehighest_in the nation,: the per capita rate being $121.67, compared with a $75.46 national average.

The AIM also declared that “income taxes (both corporate and individual) and property taxes (both corporate and in- dividual) provide over 80 per cent of state and local tax rev- enues.”

The industrial group argued _that governmental economy is not the total.solution to govern- ment financial problems.

“Economy,” the AIM stated, “is always important, but it is misleading to consider this the solution to the state’s long-term financial problem. Economy is not the single answer, because fixed costs related to sheer pop- ulation growth—e.g., service of the nearly billion-dollar state debt, obligations to local com- munities, and the like—cannot be altered by surface-type

budget cutting in the Legisla- ture.

Soaring Costs Cited Pointing up state fiscal devel- opment during the past 10 years, the AIM said, “The cost of gov- ernment in Massachusetts has been literally skyrocketing. And, to compound the problem, state

:

Associated Press Wirephoto via radio from Geneva

GENEVA TALKS RECONVENE: Western Foreign Ministers gather for renewed East-West negotiations. Left to right are: Giuseppe Pella of Italy, Selwyn Lloyd of Britain, Maurice Couve

de Murville of France, Christian A. Herter of the United States, and Heinrich von Brentano of West Germany. The picture was taken at the French delegate’s residence at Versoix, near Geneva.

ay of Optimism Seen

& in New Geneva Phase

By the Chief of the London News Buredu of The Christian Science Monitor

Geneva

The United States, the Soviet Union, Britain, and France have sent their foreign minis= ters back to work here in quest of improved East-West relations over crisis-ridden Berlin —and in a new bid to make possible a Big,Four summit meeting at the rainbow’s end.

The delegates returned to their familiar places for the July 13 opening session of Phase 2 of their conference at the Palais des Nations—flanked by East and West German “ade: viser” delegations—following a three-week recess caused by an impasse over the terms of @ new interim settlement on Berlin.

Everything dt the Geneva council table and environs seemed to be much as the four fore eign ministers left it June 20—except that somehow a faint air of optimism prevailed: on

the opening day.

This was a far cry from the dark outlook pervading the parley when time out was called Yast month, but no one was prepared to guarantee that the optimism would prove well founded or durable when the Big Four once more came to conversational grips.

If optimism has any basis, it lies in reports that the Western ministers were ready to

Steel Rivals Agree to Resume Talks

By the Associated Press New York

Both sides today agreed to renew talks in the steel im- passe after the President urged them to do so. This was no assurance, however, that a steel strike would be avoid- ed Tuesday midnight.

President Eisenhower today appealed to both sides in the steel wage dispute to continue to strive for a settlement and avert a strike. Mr. Ejisen- hower’s appeal was voiced through his press secretary, James C. Hagerty.

Mr. Hagerty said Mr. Eisen- hower had conferred today with Vice-President Richard M. Nixon and Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell re- garding the threatened strike. He gave no details. re- garding those separate con- ferences.

As for the President’s views, Mr. Hagerty read this statement to newsmen: “There is opportunity and time for settlement to be reached be- fore the strike deadline set by the union. In the interest of union members, the ‘steel companies, and the public, the President hopes that the union and the industry will continue to work for a settle- ment.”

By Frederick W. Roevekamp

Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor

New York Why have the steel negotia- tions gotten nowhere? If there is a single answer to the question none of the ob-

|servers who have watched the

country’s major steel] companies and the United Steelworkers of America bargain at the velt Hotel here for more than two months have come up with it. Like other labor contract talks, this one was surrounded with the secrecy which is a pre- requisite of bargaining. But there have been a number of vis-

Inside Reading

Six Cape Cod towns en- force Sunday blue laws. Page 2 Bohlen storm tests Herter command of the State De- partment. Page 3 Crew and passengers keep calm as jet makes emergency landing without landing gear. Page 3 New Lutfwaffe grows wings. Page 4 Scandinavia launches free-trade area. Page 4. Boston tax delinquents bask in backlog. Page 5 New manager and hustle awaken Red Sox. Page a Rosalind Russell, as her husband and son know her. Page 10 Trade lag slows Canadian recovery. Page 13 e a

budgets have been balanced 6nly | \e i

through shifts in tax payments, windfalls such as that received from the withholding tax in the current year, deficiency budgets, and departmental policies in- cluding in capital outlay pro- grams items which should be financed from current revenue— all this in the face of political cries for economy.”

The AIM said that through various kinds of fiscal escalation, “the 1960 budget projects in- creases amounting to about 40 million dollars without any in- creases in services.”

“The cost of government is going to continue to go up in Massachusetts—just as it will everywhere in the country as it grows,” the industrial organi- zation asserted. “But from a business point of view, it means that Massachusetts needs tax re- forms today if the state is to expand its industrial base and attract. new industry, without special tax ‘deals’ of question-

able legality such as offered in | Res other

competitive areas,” rans,

July 14 a contract is

ible factors which do provide some clues.

First of all and perhaps most significantly, the attitude of steel management is firmer than it has been for many years, For the first time in a long history of contract renewal talks, the steel companies’ adamancy has forced David J. McDonald, USW president, to make the first con- crete offer.

Some veteran observers see in this a symptom of a widespread change of heart among big in- dustries. Management, they say, has decided it is time to put a stop to the steady advance of labor unions over the past two decades, both on the economic and political front.

But steel industry spokesmen say their major concern is to stop inflation. The industry’s top bargaining team under R. Con- rad Cooper held out until shortly before the extended contract deadline July 14 in refusing to consider any wage increases this year,

Union Offer Rejected

In this position, management felt all ‘along: it had. the full moral suppoft of President Eisenhower who has warned re- peatedly against wage increases which would result in further inflationary rises in the price of steel.

Intervention by Mr. Eisen- hower was seen as the only action that could prevent the scheduled walkout of some 500,- 000 steelworkers throughout the nation starting midnight July 14.

Last-minute exchanges of of- fers between the negotiators here did not change the over-all rigidity of the talks.

A proposal by the union to appoint a joint labor-manage- ment: committee to study one of the central issues in the dispute —local working conditions—was rejected by the companies. Man- agement representatives said the offer was designed to advance the interest of the union rather than that of both sides.

Communications between the two sides broke down to the point where Mr. McDonald and Mr. Cooper actually disagreed publicly on whether the _ steel companies had made a late two- year contract offer or not.

In the end, the bargainers appeared to have left off before the last-minute meeting where they were two weeks ago when the company offered an indefi- nite extension of the contract to continue talks and the union rejected it because it could not obtain assurance that all gains negotiated would be retroactive to July 1, the original contract deadline,

Plea Heeded

If it had not been for an ap- peal by Mr. Eisenhower at that time, the nationwide -strike probably would have started then and there. The President’s plea to continue negotiating un- til a contract was reached was heeded by” both parties as a matter of moral obligation to the public’s highest spokeman.

But a few days ago Mr.

- McDonald made it clear that the

union would not consider any other contract extension under the same conditions.

Any further extension without

the assurance of retroactivity venting a strike. They are said

would be in conflict with labor’s traditional principle of “no con- tract, no work.”

Mr. McDonald’s_ statement, however, did not overshadow the fact that he was most eager to avoid a strike. It was he who made the original appeal to Mr. Eisenhower which led to the contract extension. Mr. Mc- Donald also approached Vice- Presiderit Richard M. Nixon in an effort to get federal help.

Some members of the Eisen- hower administration, notably Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell, reportedly have tried in vain to persuade steel man- agement to grant a modest wage increase in the interest of pre-

to believe that such an increase could be held low enough to avoid another price rise and yet be acceptable to the union.

Observers feel that the strike may be a long one: But estimates do not foresee it will do great economic damage to the nation’s economy. Steel centers, of course, are expected to be hard hit.

Pressure for a settlement may not rise rapidly. Stockpiles of steel hoarded in anticipation of a strike are high. Steelworkers reportedly have saved for the Same reason, but many of them still are paying off debts in- curred in last year’s recession layoffs.

Related story: Editorial Page

Montevideo, Uruguay

Whether by intent or accident, this little nation is becoming the heart of a large center for So- viet and satellite-bloc diplomats, operators, and activities.

Since the Soviet Union is rep- resented diplomatically only in three Latin-American countries —Mexico, Argentina, and Uru- guay—Montevideo appears to be functioning in the southern part of the hemisphere such as Mexi- co City is in the north, as a dis- semination. center for Commu- nist propaganda and, operations.

More than 50 heavily packed diplomatic pouches move be- tween Moscow and Montevideo weekly, to and from the Soviet Embassy here, which has a staff of more than 70 people—in a country hardly as large as the State of Nebraska.

Couriers, some on a regular weekly run between this city and Moscow, come through here with diplomatic pouches bearing funds for Communist activities in the hemisphere, which are subsequently distributed to other Latin-American countries.

Dollars Imported

The money comes in the form of dollars—some of them col- lected as far away as the money black markets of Viet Nam in Asia, as this correspondent. has witnessed—or as letters of credit on Swiss banks, and in viable European currencies.

Some couriers landing at Montevideo’s Carrasco Airport receive a five-man diplomatic guard to the Soviet Embassy, as what must be propaganda plans, infiltration tactics, and trade strategies, are conveyed.

The Communist build-up has been going on here since 1956.

Radio Moscow’s liason , with Montevideo short-wave trans- mitters is so efficient that often Radio Moscow is beaming news about Montevideo activities into Uruguay from the Soviet Union before local radio stations or newspapers have reported the news—sometimes less than two hours after an event takes place.

By now there is in Montevideo a Soviet Embassy and a legation from each of the satellite coun- tries, with the exception of Hun-

ae gary” “and East Germany. The 72 \ latter has a trade mission sta- = |tiohed permanently here, which m |is nearly as effective a spy op-

s|eration as a legation, though a ei legation may claim more diplo- +|matic immunities.

: ;|Move Postponed

Propaganda, spy, and courier

, ti activities had become so ob- '?|noxious to Uruguayans recent-

ieelly that the

government was about to move against some of the Communist diplomats and expel them, as Argentina did recently, when it was found that the Romanian legation in Buenos

es was operating a clandes- tine short-wave radio transmit- ter.

Then: the disastrous April floods hit Uruguay, and gov-

“a\ernment energies were totally

diverted to rehabilitating the country, repairi dams and a agg et facilities. wrecked in the floods. There are indications now that Uruguay may find it con-

it 4 venient not to move just now

oS here since the coun

R. Conrad per, top ustry, during critica] daae of steel

aD Sere wer strike is scheduled for midnight not attained,

Sl the USSR. and Soviet-bloe b

against the Soviet operators is be-

und to try

-made trade ° plays di-

ng more and more

trade ents which it

~ | loath to sev

David J. McDonald, left, United dent, and

There ri a problem here w rectly into Soviet hands. Since there is a glut of wool on the

world market and are sagging, Uruguay it diffi-

July 13, 1959

Communist Action

Builds in Uruguay

By Bertram B. Johansson

Staff Correspondent on Latin-American Affairs for The Christian Science Monitor

cult to sell its primary export in the usual markets: Britain’s wool purchases have fallen off. United States wool merchants say some Uruguayan wool has dropped a bit below standards since the easy-selling days of the Korean War when Uruguay made huge wool profits.

Trade Deal Contracted

As a result, Uruguay has con- tracted with the U.S.S.R. for a $10,000,000 wool-for-oi] trade deal which, temporarily, can be said to be to Uruguay’s advan- tage. Uruguay is selling more wool than it imports in Soviet oil. The difference is made up in pounds sterling by the Soviets, and the U.S.S.R. has paid the pounds on time.

There is every Indication that trade with the Soviet bloc will increase. Uruguay will thus be- come more tied to these markets. By the end of 1957, exports to the bloc were 8.2 per cent of Uruguay’s total trade. By the end of 1958, the Soviet-bloc countries had absorbed 21 per cent of Uruguay’s total exports. In a country as small as Uru- guay, such statistics can mean a deep imprint on the economy.

Trade and diplomatic foot- work are not the only areas in which the Communists are spe- cializing in Uruguay. Propa- gandawise, domestic Commu- nists have promoted book, radio, and movie outlets. There are 13 Communist or Communist-front radio programs aired here per week, seven of them in the -in- terior of the country, six of them in Montevideo.

Communist Films Shown

Communists own a theater in downtown Montevideo where Communist movies are shown often. Beginning about a year ago, Communists began to place their motion pictures in com- mercial theaters throughout the country, on terms s6 attractive to theater owners they could not afford to refuse these pic- tures to the movie-hungry pub- lic. Artkino is the distributor of the Communist pictures.

Besides a Soviet book outlet in Montevideo on one of the capital’s larger avenues, “18th of July,” Communists have opened another book outlet in the interior in Salto, Uruguay’s second largest city in the north- west, for purveying Communist literature. ;

Just what the Communists are up to is anyone’s guess. On the one hand, Uruguayans are a freedom - loving people and would automatically resist to- talitarian ideas. Their govern- ment institutions are demo- cratic, built on the Swiss coun- cil type. of government, some- times so democratic as to be impeded with indecision be- cause the machinery for quick decisions does not exist.

Socialism Gains

On the other hand, there is a high degree of socialization of life in Uruguay. The govern- ment owns most of the public utilities, petroleum, coal, ship- ping facilities. Some observers

eve that the shift from such an intense socialization to a Communist state may not be too difficult for domestic Commu- nists to achieve, as in Kerala, especially since the coun- so small that the Soviet

propaganda ruble can go far. danger, observers here

believe, is in th

e covert activity of Communists who have in- filtrated labor unions to such an extent that they can and do often control the timing of

es.

One of a Series

Geneva

Here we go again—this time into Phase 2 of the marathon Big Four foreign ministers conference.

Like ‘so many schoolboys summoned unwillingly back to the classroom after a holi- day respite, the ministers and their cohorts once more are set to grapple with the Berlin issue—and the problems of getting or not getting to the summit.

The three-week recess has been a strange interlude. In- stead of polishing up new pro- posals to provide fresh im- petus at the start of the second semester, the three Western powers appear to have gone out of their way to produce precisely the opposite effect.

They have returned deter- mined to demonstrate to So- viet Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko they haven't changed one iota from the po- sition they advocated when the talks were adjourned on June 20.

But convincing the Soviets they have absolutely nothing new to offer—and especially that no further Western “fall- back” positions exist to exploit —will not be easy. That and discovering what if any ease- ments or clarifications are visible in the Soviet position may take several weeks.

Bs ee

At the outset of the resump- tion, the prospect is for a cer- tain amount of paper shuf- fling, position probing, and much looking expectantly across the table for the other side to make a new move.

One can almost hear one of the Big Four turning to an- other to say casually:

“You look refreshed by your holiday,” and then adding pointedly, “but tell me, Mr. Minister, do you still feel exactly the same about your proposals as you did’when we adjourned?”

That, of course, is the key question for all concerned.

Looking back, if Mr. Gro- myko’s claim is correct and no Soviet ultimatums were in- tended, Phase 1 of the confer- ence has not been barren as far as a relaxation of tension is concerned. And Phase 2 then can hope to move ahead to formalize this improved atmosphere in some modest way—even if the two sides still find it impossible to reach agreement on any con- crete East-West issue.

Thus, despite everything, some knowledgeable persons still believe that a thin margin of encouragement minimal, yet strong enough to warrant summit talks—will emerge here.

It may be something as un- imposing yet indicative as a temporary arrangement for

‘Berlin. Even such an agree-

ment as that, while not gain- ing much in the right direc- tion, nevertheless under these circumstances acquires merit merely by not moving in the wrong direction.

>. #,).#

Whether or not after all the talk the minimums for a sum- mit meeting are achieved, the three Western ministers can take some measure of satisfac- tion. They met what were re- garded as serious Soviet com- plaints about Berlin and Ger- man affairs with serious offers —and too often found the Soviet complaint was not serious or legitimate after all, but a ruse to deprive the West of something it holds dear without a compensating con- cession.

The British, in particular, often speak of the merit of keeping the Soviets talking. This does not mean they have forgotten the Japanese at- tacked Pearl Harbor while Nipponese emissaries actually were negotiating in Washing- ton.

But it does mean they feel a tremendous and dangerous lack of knowledge of the West exists in high Communist circles—and that this dark- ness inevitably is enlightened by prolonged contact and per- sistent, detailed debate with Western representatives.

Moreover, the _ schoolboy analogy is misleading. For these are not callow- youths beckoned back to some neg- lected assignment. These are shrewd men engaged in a battle to mobilize world opin- ion behind two radically dif- ferent sets of ideologies. Talk may be cheap, it is true. But this particular contest is not to be won by refusing to talk —here or at the higher level. Indeed, one can argue that to refuse presents the Kremlin with a twofold opportunity.

For if the foreign ministers fail to agree even on a subse- quent meeting, Mr. Khrush- chev still can demand his summit. And if this is denied him, he will be in position to transfer full authority to the East Germans unilaterally maintaining to the West meanwhile: “I tried to get you to discuss this problem. When you refused, I had no alterna- tive but to act alone.”

The 41 days of Phase 1 saw some essential spadework done at Geneva. The unknown number of days of Phase 2 will determine what, if any, structure can be erected now.

Once more, here we go!

Europe:

The Soviet reported today. [Page 4.]

can senators oppose the move.

York City.

. sential humanitarian "services.

About 160,000 Japanese per cent of the

Soviets Say 2 Dogs Return From Space

The World's Day : Tass Reports Successful

nion has successfully Jaunched and retrieved two dogs from the outer atmosphere, the Soviet news agency Tass

ight

Washington: Kuchel Backs Bid to Name Bohlen

A move to name Ambassador Charles Bohlen a special adviser on Soviet affairs in the State Department received support from Senator Thomas H, Kuchel (R

of California. Some Republi-

(Page 3.

National: Treason Charge Against Trio Dropped

At San Francisco, United States Commissioner Joseph Karesh dismissed a treason charge against John W. Powell, his wife, Sylvia, both of San Francisco, and Julian Schuman of New

Bay State: Emphasis Put on Key Services

Furcolo today asked Democratic edition leaders to balance the $443,000,000 state budget without eliminating es-

Asia: Japanese Miners Begin 24-Hour Strike

coal mining workers today went on a. 24-hour strike—protesting. the planned discharge of 10 to 20

| Weather Predictions: oware Tonight (Page 2) Art, Music, Theater, Radio, TV: Page 6. FM: Page 5

oe

discuss the possibility of a “freeze” on the Berlin situation for-a fixed period of time—say,

State of the Nations

The Challenge of Phase 2

By HENRY 8S. HAYWARD Chief, London News Bureau, The Christian Science Moniter

24% years—and an iron-clad Soviet guarantee that their rights in Berlin would not be wiped out in the interim.

Change Indicated

This may indicate a changed. Western approach, for during Phase 1 of ‘the conference the West resolutely refused even to discuss Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko’s proposal for a standstill limited to 18 months. Now some see signs of a compromise merger of Eastern and Western proposals.

Certain to be among the West’s first moves as the meet- ing resumes is one to insist that Mr. Gromyko clarify the vital point of whether the West’s rights in West Berlin do or do not expire at the termination of the interim time limit if no over-all agreement meanwhile is reached. But drawing out the Soviet minister proved impos- sible prior to the recess and may still be difficult.

Suspicion of Communist tricke ery on its right of presence in Berlin was one of the West’s chief reasons for calling a recess to allow the debate to cool off and the respective stands to bee come more pliable.

Issues Enumerated

Mr. Gromyko, however, ine sisted on June 19 and 28 that the West had misinterpreted his proposal, and that Western rights would not in fact be ime paired under his plan.

At resumption of negotiations, main issues shaped up as fole lows:

{ A time limit for the dura- tion of a stopgap Berlin agree- ment. The Soviet Union has

raised its sights from six months specified last November to 18 months suggested this June. But the West still is talking in terms of 2% years with two years probably the irreduceable mini- mum for shelving the questions of occupation and access rights in West Berlin.

{ The legal position at the end of the time limit. Mr. Gromyko has given assurances that if a permanent solution is not reached in a specified time, then the Big Four will resume their talks without prejudice. But the West is disturbed by interpreta<- tion of thé ominous phrase that negotiations would resume “with due regard for the situation obe taining at that time.”

{ Composition and duties of a@ proposed all-German committee. The Soviets are insisting upon parity’: representation in the committee whereas the West Offers a ratio of 25 West Ger- mans to 10 East Germans with a built-in veto for the East Gere man minority. The British, ine cidentally, appear less cone cerned about the Soviet parity demand than the other Westerft powers—particularly the West Germans and French who heave major misgivings about any. further concession on this point,

{| Troop ceilings. The West al- ready has indicated its readiness not to increase its 11,000-man force in West Berlin and not to arm this garrison ee with nuclear weapons. .It ght consider a slight reduction 6f this token force but not to a point of numerical insignifie cance,

September Summit?

{ Propaganda and subversive activities. The Communists have eagerly accepted as _ granted. tentative Western suggestions. for reduction of such activities centered in sensitive Berlin. But they have offered no reciprocal restrictions on their own activi-~ ties from East Berlin. The West is determined that the Soviets must make concession for con- cession, so this point also must be clarified.

These are the central ques+ tions ‘confronting the ministers in Phase 2.

If Mr. Gromyko can be pers suaded actually. to lift the threats implied in his version of a Berlin stopgap agreement, the summit remains a technical possibility for. August or Sep- tember, with the latter now

more frequently men-« tioned. |

The Soviets are not expected to agree to indefinite prolonga~+ tion of the West’s presence in Berlin, but they may. agree to renew negotiations with ? prejudice at the termination of the time limit. .

outlined above.

| Bonn sights ‘Bertin statue quo: Page 14.

a } org Q** aa '

5 j ¥ - da . j 4 a ; . ] be *

s+

"WF THE CHRISTIAN-SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, MONDAY, JULY 13, 1959

_

Furcolo Tax Policy | Blasted by Lamson

Special to The Christian Science Monitor

< Northampton, Mass. | Budget-cutting rather than.

w taxes is the preferred way

. balance the Massachusetts |

ldget, Senator Fred I, Lam-

(R) of Malden, Senate mi-

ity leader, told a Republican

jthering here in a speech that

eled blistering criticism « at

overnor Furcolo’s spending policies.

The Senate Republican leader

ing mentioned as a possible P candidate for governor in

60. Speaking before the Hamp-

ire County Republican Club,

stressed the need for state nomy and charged the Fur-

lo administration with a

nd-before-you-think policy.

His address came in the midst

Democratic and Republican

orts in the Senate to cut the

vernor’s budget into balance out new taxes.

“Unless reasonable spending gvithin the state income becomes ‘a reality.” he said, “industry

iil continue to migrate from

pthe commonwealth and our —_—

had ~ : Bay State Towns : Get Housing Aid

By a Staff Writer o k The Gnousien tetenes Bonne Contracts for financial as- # sistance to six New England = communities to enable them to 4 start planning and construc- tion of a total of 254 units of ousing for the elderly has

been announced by the state ——heusing board. State assistance would amount to $2,794,000 for the proposed projects in Beverly, Lynn, North Andover, Pea- body, Scituate, and Swamp- scott.

working people will be worrying about job security.”

About Senate efforts to cut the budget, Senator Lamson asserted:

“Right now every Senator, Democratic as well as Republi- can, is concentrating on one thing—the budget. We on the Republican side of the Senate have been going over every item in the budget.

“And the cuts to be made will not impair the services of the state nor affect any permanent employees.

“But they will remove the froih from the budget and bring it into balance without new

‘taxes—which will be welconyes

news for the taxpayers of the state.” ‘Countdown’ Hit

The Malden Senator said Governor Furcolo’s countdown operation, in which he is ask- ing the Senate “what are you doing today?” about the budget, is making “a laughing stock” out of Massachusetts. “The mime-.

‘ograph machine is no substitute for leadership,”

he added. Senator Lamson also criticized | the Governor on the issue of a| one-half-cent-a-gallon increase | in the state gasoline tax. care

increase has been made unlikely’

oy a $4,000,000 increase in high- |

iway fund revenues over ésti- | i'mates, as reported by Senator |

William D. Fleming (D). of! Worcester, chairman of the| Senate Committee on Ways anf | Means. |

Senator Lamson asserted that. the Governor “told the legisla-

‘tors that it (the one-half cent. \increase) was needed to pay off

our highway bonds. | “Yet when an amendment. was offered to pledge the pro-'

French Conductor as Yankee’ Fire Chief

Pierre Monteux,; nationally famous conductor, who has di- ‘rected the Boston Symphony Orchestra and other distinguished aggregations, becomes an honorary fire chief in Hancock, Maine. George Marsters, left, fire chief, pins badge of office on neighbor Monteux, who has a home at Frenchman’s Bay in Hancock.

Beginning yesterday shops in a growing number of Cape Cod | towns—six in ali—are closing tight as clams on Sunday.

Falmouth,. Barnstable, Yar- mouth, Dennis, Harwich, and Chatham are the towns whose chiefs of police now are rigidly enforcing Massachusetts’ Lord’s Day law.

But there are exceptions— merchants who still feel this } | 300-year-old blue law should be

,| tested. So they are staying open

despite court action which con- tinues to be taken against them regularly each week.

Fines Meted Out

Yesterday was the first Sun- day following the July 9 deci- sion of Judge Henry L. Murphy of First District Court in Barn- stable. He fined five Yarmouth merchants $125 each for remiain- ing.open three consecutive Sun- days. He finéd@ one-merehant $10 for a single violation June 21. after -which' his shop has re- mained closed. All six shop- _keepers immediately appealed | their fines. :

ceeds of this tax to highway | for the state and $80,000,000 for of the Gov-jthe cities and towns. However, | guarantee genuine relief for local taxpay- |

bonds, members ernor’s own staff and of the Public Works ment lobbied against it. ‘Slush Fund’ Charged “Apparently, this tax

officials | the* bill doesn’t

Depart- |

cers. It is not tied down to an

|cities and towns.

specific tax relief program for

was; “With the budget skyrocket- |

Yesterday two laundromats— the Acme Coin Laundromat in South Yarmouth and the other |in Dennisport and the Three |Coins in the Fountain gift shop | in West Yarmouth joined forces Y|with the five Yarmouth mer- ‘chants who again remained open in conscious violation of

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proposed to develop a $6,500,-'| ing each year, he will gradually | the law. :

slush fund for more UN-|reduce the formula until the| state gets $50,000,000 and the! $50,000,000 | alsO|then the state $60,000,000 and $40,000,000. |

necessary spending in the high- | way department.” | communities

The Malden’ Senator | blasted the Governor’s sales tax | the bill.

get

communities 'Before, anyone could stop 1

“Furcolo’s avowed. intention,” under’’this loosely drawn ~bil he said, ‘is to raise $40,000,000 ; the state could take it all.”

Dennis to Seek Complaints

Deputy Chief of Police Theo- dore P. Reynolds of Yarmouth confirmed today he will seek complaints against the seven shopkeepers early this week just as he has for the past three ' Mondays.

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Sunday Closings «*: Mount in Cape Area

By Emilie Tavel Siag Writer of The Christian Science Monitor

And in Dennis, Chief of Po- lice Gilbert S. Kelley, who an- nounced July 9 he would begin strict enforcement of the clos- ing law, said Ke will go to Sec- ond District Court in Harwich today seeking complaints against the laundromat operator who remained open yesterday.

Until Friday, July 10, Massa-

mained silent on this blue-law issue which has. caused a furor on Cape Cod.

But on that day he issued a statement calling “to the atten- tion of merchants in all sections of Massachusetts that I have ruled that business establish- ments in this commonwealth must close down on Sunday ex-

empted by the ‘statutes.”

Police officers on Cape- Cod \in general have-received good | cooperation from storekeepers |in remaining closed on Sundays. | But they report that merchants in this resort area of the com- |/monwealth feel that shopowners in other resort areas of the state a also comply with _the aw.

Furcolo Puts

By a Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor Governor Furcolo today called |on ‘Democratic legislative lead-

chusetts Attorney General Ed- | ward J. McCormack, Jr., had re- |

cept for those specifically ex-'@

R

Emphasis On’

Key Services

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‘ers to balance the $443,000,000 |

|State budget without eliminating

essential humanitarian services. |

| The plea marked a sharp shift ‘in gubernatorial tactics. Over the weekend, the Governor had blamed Republicans for Senate delay in budget action and for budget cuts. Republicans were plotting to force the Democrats into dras- tically increasing taxes in the

nating humanitarian programs to avert financial disaster.

Urges Vital Services

In a letter to Democratic leaders of both branches the

|

He had charged |

1960 election year or into elimi- |

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